Split is the largest city in Dalmatia, the second-largest in Croatia, the second-largest Croatian port and the third-largest Mediterranean port by number of passengers. The city centre consists of the ancient Diocletian’s Palace, built in the 4th Century. The palace has been a UNESCO protected area since 1979 and is one of the most unique places in the world. It is believed that the area of today’s city centre was once an Ancient Greek Aspalathos/Spalatos settlement. The name originates from the plant Spiny Broom (Calicotome villosa in Latin) which grows here abundantly.
Diocletian’s Palace is the biggest and most well-preserved antique palace in the world. The eastern and western walls are 216m long, the southern 181m long and the northern 175m long. Servants and soldiers used to live in the northern part of the palace while the southern part was the Emperor’s chambers.